Located in the province of Brescia in Lombardia, Italy. This is where sparkling wine lovers flock to. The city of Milan is in this region.
This protected region consists of undulating hills that lie to the south of Lake Iseo, with warms days and cool nights in the summer. The lake helps to moderate the temperatures of the region.
The soils are mostly mineral rich sandy morianic soils. On certain plots, there is calcareous granite over limestone bedrock.
The region is known for its Sparkling wines made from Chardonnay, Pinot Nero (pinot noir) and a maximum of 50% Pinot Bianco (pinot blanc). Only the classic/champagne method is allowed to produce sparkling wines. The bubbles have to be created in the bottle and not by carbon injection. The region is also known for dishes such as polenta taragna made from durum wheat, manzo all’olio (braised beef) and Casoncelli (ravioli with parmesan, ground beef and various fillings)
- It is the first DOCG that specifies that its sparkling wines have to be made from the classic method.
- The region also makes still wines named “Curtefranca” made either from Chardonnay and/or Pinot Bianco and Bordeaux-style reds from Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc.
- Non-vintage Franciacorta spends minimum 18 months on its lees (secondary fermentation) to create the bubbles and may not be released until 25 months after harvest. There is also the vintage or Millesimato Franciacorta which may not be released for minimum 37 months after harvest. Lastly, more extreme in aging is the Vintage Riserva which ages for minimum 5 years on its lees and is released after minimum 67 months after harvest. All these minimum requirements are more than Champagne minimum aging period.
- It takes about one hour to drive from Milan to Brescia, the main city of Franciacorta.